Program summary: This Organization is proposes to conduct a comprehensive food security and livelihoods assessment to inform future programming in Makamba province including a three-year food security and livelihoods program funded by a private donor. The program will seek to reduce food insecurity and strengthen income and assets through the strengthening of livelihoods and disaster-risk reduction. The proposed intervention primarily targets the communes of Makamba and Mabanda, in Makamba province, where drought, erosion, poverty, and the effects of a distressed economy have had a major impact on the food security of the region. The planned intervention will benefit an estimated 5,000 people.
Organization is looking to build upon an emergency cash intervention through a longer-term Food Security and Livelihood (FS&L) intervention in Makamba province. The focus will be on improving food security by strengthening livelihoods and building resilience to shocks. In order to design effective programming, a FS&L assessment will be conducted to inform the management about the current FS&L situation of the targeted population and about best ways of improving household’s FS&L. The assessment will be practically oriented in order to provide direct input for program design. The assessment will be limited to the zone of intervention where organization is currently implementing an emergency cash program and the surrounding areas.
The overall objective of the FS&L assessment is to generate data and insights needed to design a three-year rural livelihoods project. Specifically, the assessment will provide for data and insights as to:
a. The current FS&L situation and related trends at household levels, per vulnerability class.
b. The current main FS&L strategies of households and related trends, per vulnerability class.
c. The main causes of the household’s limited access to food and income, per vulnerability class.
d. The primary shocks faced by households that have impacted their FS&L, per vulnerability class.
e. The main coping strategies of households affected by shocks, per vulnerability class.
f.The current market and value chain situation and its impact on households, per vulnerability class.
The Organization is expected to result in an English or French written report (to include a translated executive summary in either French or English) of approximately 25 pages, including a summary and conclusions, but excluding annexes, containing:
1. Food Consumption Scores and Income levels of households, per vulnerability class.
2. Overviews of the household’s year-round labor investments in different main activities (seasonable plus vegetable crop production, perennial crop production, wage farm labor, wage off-farm labor, skilled off-farm labor, etc.), and the returns of these investments in terms of food and cash. Segregated per vulnerability class.
3. Descriptions and analyses of the reasons of the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the household’s year-round labor investments in different main activities, per vulnerability class.
4. Descriptions and analysis of the primary constraints/threats to livelihoods and food security at the household level.
5. Descriptions and analysis of the primary shocks faced by households.
6. A description of the main coping mechanisms, and their effectiveness, of households in times of stress, especially crop failure and animal diseases, per ethnic group and per vulnerability class.
7. A description of the local market situation and an analysis of the costs and availability of staple and secondary food sources.
8. Descriptions, mapping and analyses of the agricultural value chains of 1-2 staple crops and 1-2 commercial crops associated with farming households in the targeting communities.
Preparation: the consultant will conduct a brief desk research and secondary data review relevant to understanding the context in Burundi and Makamba.
Design of tools and survey instruments: the consultant will develop the tools and questionnaires necessary to collecting the desired data and train the data collection team on their usage.
Selection of sample communities: together with the program management and local leadership, the consultant will select (4) rural collines—2 sub collines within each of the collines—optimally representing the entire targeted rural population within the two communes.
Household data collection: the consultant will apply a mixture of participatory methods, especially community methods, and household interviews. Household representatives, women and men, of entire communities (representative samples from sub-collines) will be invited to participate in the determination of vulnerability classes, the identification of households belonging to different classes, hazard identification, and market and value chain analysis. Hereafter, per vulnerability class, household surveys will be conducted to determine of food consumption scores, income levels, labor investments and returns, primary shocks, and coping mechanisms at the household level.
Data analysis: the consultant will consolidate the data generated in the community meetings and household surveys into clear tables and overviews and will make calculations of averages and variances.
Data interpretation and additional analyses: Before proceeding to the interpretation of the data and additional analyses, the consultant will present the consolidated data to the program management, other designated staff and representative of the vulnerability classes and local leadership. Together with all these stakeholders, the consultant will analyze underlying causes of the identified situations and trends, and make additional analyses and interpretations. Both the program management and the consultant will ensure that the interpretations, analyses and conclusions will be broadly agreed upon, before being written down in a final report.
Education: Master’s degree in development, community mobilization, monitoring and evaluation, agriculture, or a related field
Experience: At least 5 years working in development or humanitarian affairs with at least 2 years working in the Great Lakes Region (Burundi, Rwanda, Eastern Congo) with documented experience in conducting needs assessments from start to finish
Language: High-level working proficiency in French and English, knowledge of Kirundi a plus organization is leading the way from harm to home.
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